Let us know about the symptoms of the breast cancer and how it appears in human body mostly in womens.
The very first and the common symptoms for breast cancer appears as an lump in the breast or an area of thickened tissue in breast or an armpit. There are many other different- different symptoms which are also shown in the Womens –
- Rashes around the nipples.
- Regular pain in the armpits or breast which does not change with the monthly cycle.
- peeling, scaling or Flaking of the skin around the breast or nipples.
- a inverted or sunken nipple.
- Abnormal change in the shape or size of the breast.
- pitting or redness around the skin of the breast.
- Abnormal nipple discharge which contains blood or is sticky in texture.
Stages of the Breast cancer
Breast cancer stages depends upon the size of the tumor in the breast and where all it’s spread in other parts of the body. Breast cancer can be staged in many different ways, one way is to stage 0-4 with subdivided categories at each numbered stage and also the specific sub-stages of the cancer may depend upon the other specific characteristics of the tumor, such as HER2 receptor status.
Where cells are limited to within the ducts and have not invaded surrounding tissues and known as Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in the medical terms.
On this stage, the tumor is measured up to 2 centimeters (cm) across and has not affected any lymph nodes, or there are small groups of cancer cells in the lymph nodes.
On this stage the tumor measured 2 cm across, and started to spread to nearby lymph nodes, secondly the tumor is measured 2–5 cm across and has not spread to the lymph nodes.
On this stage the tumor measured 5 cm across, and is spread to several lymph nodes or the tumor is measured larger than 5 cm and has only spread to a few lymph nodes.
On the last stagethe cancer has spread to distant organs, most often the bones, liver, brain, or lungs.
Let us know that how Breast cancer is treated
This disease is treated in several ways, The breast cancer treatment is depended on the kind, stage and how far the cancer is spread in the body. People affected from breast cancer often get more than one kind of treatments. The treatments are as follows –
Where doctor operates and cuts out the cancer tissue.
Where doctor treats the patient using special medicines to shrink or kill the cancer cells, the medicines can be pills you take or the drugs injected in your veins , or sometimes both.
This therapy helps to block cancer cells from getting the hormones they need to grow.
This treatment works with your body’s immune system to fight cancer cells or to control side effects from other cancer treatments.
This therapy helps to kill cancer cells through radiation just similar to ( x-ray).
Several Doctors who are specialized in different – different medical departments treats breast cancer like surgeon who performs surgery, Medical oncologists are the once who deals with cancer treatment and Medicaloncologists are the doctors who treats the cancer patient through radiation.